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  • Modelled long term (1958-2005) average diffuse recharge (in mm) for February as calculated using the Ensym model. Includes rainfall recharge and irrigation recharge however excludes river / stream / channel / reservoir leakage. Ensym estimates daily spatial recharge by solving for physical processes using analytical solutions and empirical equations. Water entering the soil profile is initially determined by subtracting the calculated surface runoff from the total daily precipitation and irrigation. Once in the soil profile, water can be removed by evapotranspiration, lateral flow and downward movement if soil capacity is exceeded. Water fills up lower soil layers until it exits the soil profile and becomes drainage. Drainage is then partitioned into sub surface lateral flow and recharge. For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Beverly, C., 2007. Technical Manual - Models of the Catchment Analysis Tool. Victoria. Department of Sustainability and Environment.

  • Calibrated MODFLOW horizontal hydraulic conductivity (m/day) per model layer. As calculated from the DSE ecoMarkets groundwater flow modelling project. Number of model layers per groundwater model is listed below: North East - 6 Goulburn Broken - 8 North Central - 10 Mallee 1992 - 4 Wimmera - 8 Glenelg Hopkins - 5 Corangamite - 6 Port Phillip - 6 West Gippsland - 7 East Gippsland - 6 For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Harbaugh, A.W., and McDonald, M.G., 1996, User's documentation for MODFLOW-96, an update to the U.S. Geological Survey modular finite-difference ground-water flow model: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-485, 56 p

  • Calibrated MODFLOW storativity per model layer. As calculated from the DSE ecoMarkets groundwater flow modelling project. Storativity (also known as confined storage) indicates the amount of groundwatyer released from storage due to a unit depressurisation of a confined aquifer. The value is dimensionless and expressed as a fraction between 0 and 1. Number of model layers per groundwater model is listed below: North East - 6 Goulburn Broken - 8 North Central - 10 Mallee 1992 - 4 Wimmera - 8 Glenelg Hopkins - 5 Corangamite - 6 Port Phillip - 6 West Gippsland - 7 East Gippsland - 6 For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Harbaugh, A.W., and McDonald, M.G., 1996, User's documentation for MODFLOW-96, an update to the U.S. Geological Survey modular finite-difference ground-water flow model: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-485, 56 p

  • Modelled long-term (1958-2005) average annual diffuse recharge (mm/yr) as calculated using the Ensym model. Includes rainfall recharge and irrigation recharge however excludes river/stream/channel/reservoir leakage. Ensym estimates daily spatial recharge by solving for physical processes using analytical solutions and empirical equations. Water entering the soil profile is initially determined by subtracting the calculated surface runoff from the total daily precipitation and irrigation. Once in the soil profile, water can be removed by evapotranspiration, lateral flow and downward movement if soil capacity is exceeded. Water fills up lower soil layers until it exits the soil profile and becomes drainage. Drainage is then partitioned into sub surface lateral flow and recharge. For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Beverly, C., 2007. Technical Manual - Models of the Catchment Analysis Tool. Victoria. Department of Sustainability and Environment.

  • Modelled long term (1958-2005) average diffuse recharge (in mm) for July as calculated using the Ensym model. Includes rainfall recharge and irrigation recharge however excludes river / stream / channel / reservoir leakage. Ensym estimates daily spatial recharge by solving for physical processes using analytical solutions and empirical equations. Water entering the soil profile is initially determined by subtracting the calculated surface runoff from the total daily precipitation and irrigation. Once in the soil profile, water can be removed by evapotranspiration, lateral flow and downward movement if soil capacity is exceeded. Water fills up lower soil layers until it exits the soil profile and becomes drainage. Drainage is then partitioned into sub surface lateral flow and recharge. For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Beverly, C., 2007. Technical Manual - Models of the Catchment Analysis Tool. Victoria. Department of Sustainability and Environment.

  • Modelled wet years (1973 - 1975) average annual diffuse recharge (mm/yr) as calculated using the Ensym model. Includes rainfall recharge and irrigation recharge however excludes river/stream/channel/reservoir leakage. Ensym estimates daily spatial recharge by solving for physical processes using analytical solutions and empirical equations. Water entering the soil profile is initially determined by subtracting the calculated surface runoff from the total daily precipitation and irrigation. Once in the soil profile, water can be removed by evapotranspiration, lateral flow and downward movement if soil capacity is exceeded. Water fills up lower soil layers until it exits the soil profile and becomes drainage. Drainage is then partioned into sub surface lateral flow and recharge. For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Beverly, C., 2007. Technical Manual - Models of the Catchment Analysis Tool. Victoria. Department of Sustainability and Environment.

  • Calculated using the Ensym model. The potential evapotranspiration minus actual un-saturated evapotranspiration calculation can be used to set an upper limit to groundwater evaporation rates. Ensym estimates daily spatial evapotranspiration by solving for physical processes using analytical solutions and empirical equations. Evaporation of water from the soil surface is calculated using a Ritchie's two-stage evaporation algorithim. After infiltration , drying occurs at the potential rate up to a specified limit (stage I) and thereafter at a rate reflecting diffusion processes that are assumed proportional to the square root of time (Stage II). In general transpiration is calculated as a function of pan evaporation, leaf area index, soil moisture content, plant density and temperature however the specifics of the calculations vary with landuse and the particular plant growth model utilised. For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Beverly, C., 2007. Technical Manual - Models of the Catchment Analysis Tool. Victoria. Department of Sustainability and Environment.

  • Modelled long term (1958-2005) average diffuse recharge (in mm) for January as calculated using the Ensym model. Includes rainfall recharge and irrigation recharge however excludes river / stream / channel / reservoir leakage. Ensym estimates daily spatial recharge by solving for physical processes using analytical solutions and empirical equations. Water entering the soil profile is initially determined by subtracting the calculated surface runoff from the total daily precipitation and irrigation. Once in the soil profile, water can be removed by evapotranspiration, lateral flow and downward movement if soil capacity is exceeded. Water fills up lower soil layers until it exits the soil profile and becomes drainage. Drainage is then partitioned into sub surface lateral flow and recharge. For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Beverly, C., 2007. Technical Manual - Models of the Catchment Analysis Tool. Victoria. Department of Sustainability and Environment.

  • Modelled long term (1958-2005) average diffuse recharge (in mm) for August as calculated using the Ensym model. Includes rainfall recharge and irrigation recharge however excludes river / stream / channel / reservoir leakage. Ensym estimates daily spatial recharge by solving for physical processes using analytical solutions and empirical equations. Water entering the soil profile is initially determined by subtracting the calculated surface runoff from the total daily precipitation and irrigation. Once in the soil profile, water can be removed by evapotranspiration, lateral flow and downward movement if soil capacity is exceeded. Water fills up lower soil layers until it exits the soil profile and becomes drainage. Drainage is then partitioned into sub surface lateral flow and recharge. For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Beverly, C., 2007. Technical Manual - Models of the Catchment Analysis Tool. Victoria. Department of Sustainability and Environment.

  • Modelled long term (1958-2005) average diffuse recharge (in mm) for November as calculated using the Ensym model. Includes rainfall recharge and irrigation recharge however excludes river / stream / channel / reservoir leakage. Ensym estimates daily spatial recharge by solving for physical processes using analytical solutions and empirical equations. Water entering the soil profile is initially determined by subtracting the calculated surface runoff from the total daily precipitation and irrigation. Once in the soil profile, water can be removed by evapotranspiration, lateral flow and downward movement if soil capacity is exceeded. Water fills up lower soil layers until it exits the soil profile and becomes drainage. Drainage is then partitioned into sub surface lateral flow and recharge. For further information: https://ensym.dse.vic.gov.au/home/aboutensym Beverly, C., 2007. Technical Manual - Models of the Catchment Analysis Tool. Victoria. Department of Sustainability and Environment.